Modeling Windows

About Windows

Windows can be added in plan, elevation, section or a 3D view. Windows are loadable families, which means that the family of the Window (sizes, shapes, design) can be customized and placed in the library to load them in your project.

Windows are dependent elements on their host which is usually a wall. Like in real life, a window cannot be placed if there is no wall on site. Similarly, in Revit, a Window cannot be placed without a wall.

Tutorial Objective:

Modeling windows is similar to modeling doors. Thus, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with tools and techniques shown in the chapter Modeling Doors before starting this tutorial.

In this tutorial, you will learn,

Sample Problem:

  • Add windows of following types in the Ground Floor layout as shown below:
    • W1: 1.0 x 1.0 m (Lintel Height: 2.13m)
    • W2: 1.5 x 1.0 m (Lintel Height: 2.13m)
    • W3: 0.5 x 2.0 m (Lintel Height: 2.13m)
    • W4: 1.5 x 2.0 m (Lintel Height: 2.13m)
    • W5: 1.5 x 0.5 m (Lintel Height 1.6m)
    • W6: 0.5 x 0.5 m (Lintel Height 1.6m)
M2 Win Tutorial

Fig 1. Placement of windows on Ground Floor plan of the sample tutorial project

Sample Files required for this tutorial:

If you do not have the following files, please download them from here.

  1. “TutorialWindows_Input_LearningRevitOnline.rvt”
  2. Window Family file: “Window_Single Panel.rfa”
  3. Window Tag Family file: “Window_Type Tag.rfa”

Solution:

  1. Open ‘TutorialWindows_Input_LearningRevitOnline.rvt’ in Revit. This project file already contains doors modeled in the Ground Floor levels.
  2. Navigate to the floor plan of  “00 Ground Level”.
  3. Windows are loadable families which means we will first need to load the family of the window from the library (if it is not already loaded in your project).
  4. To load a family into the project:

    • Click Insert tab -> Load from Library panel -> Load Family
    • Navigate to the folder where you have downloaded and saved the Window_Single Panel.rfa (If you do not have this file yet, please download it from here).
      • Note: By default, Revit will navigate to the library where default Autodesk families are stored. If you do not find this path when you need it, try to locate it on your PC at : %ALLUSERSPROFILE%\Autodesk\RVT 2019\Libraries (If you cannot still find the location of your family library, please see this Video Tutorial: Locating your family folder )
    • Select the file and Click Open.
    • The family has been loaded into the project.
  5. Now, before we add the windows into our model, we must create the Window types with the specific sizes as required for our project.
  6. To customize the window sizes and create new window types:

    • Click Architecture tab -> Build panel  -> Window
      • Alternatively, use “WN”as keyboard shortcut.
    • From the type selector, select any of the types available for Window_Single Panel  family.
    • From the properties, select Edit Type to access Type properties palette.
    • Click Duplicate to create a new Window Type. In the Name dialog box, give a new name to the window type  “W1_1.0 x 1.0”
    • Click Ok to the Name dialog box.
    • Now, change the parameters Width to 1.0m value and Height to 1.0m value.
    • Click OK to the Type Properties dialog box.M2 Win 1
    • A new window type has been created.
    • Click Esc to end the Window tool.
  7. Repeat step 6 to create following window types:
    • W2_1.5 x 1.0 (width = 1.5m, height = 1.0m )
    • W3_0.5 x 2.0 (width = 0.5m, height = 2.0m )
    • W4_1.5 x 2.0 (width = 1.5m, height = 2.0m )
    • W5_1.5 x 0.5 (width = 1.5m, height = 0.5m )
    • W6_0.5 x 0.5 (width = 0.5m, height = 0.5m )
  8. Now, as all the window types required are prepared, we can begin to place windows in the model.
  9. To place a window in the project:

    • Click Architecture tab -> Build panel  -> Window
      • Alternatively, use “WN”as keyboard shortcut.
    • Select the Window type W1_1.0 x 1.0 from the type selector.
    • Select the window. In the Instance properties, there is parameter known as “Head Height”. This parameter value control the lintel height of the window. Change the value of head height to 2.13m (Note that when you change the value of the Head height, Sill height parameter will change automatically based on the Height of the window selected).
    • In the drawing area, click on the wall where you would like to place the window (between Grid D2-E2 as shown below).  Do not worry about accurate position at the moment. You can adjust it after you have placed the window.M2 Win 2.jpg
      • TIP: Press the Spacebar to flip the window while placing it in plan view.
    • Click Esc twice to end the Window tool.
    • Note that after placing the window, Revit has made an appropriate opening in the wall automatically.
  10. Select the window you have placed.
  11. Temporary dimensions will appear. If they do not appear, click on “Activate Dimensions” on the options bar.
    • TIP: You can also use a permanent dimension (Annotate->Dimension->Aligned Dimension) instead. Select the window and the permanent dimension will be editable. If it is not editable, select Activate Dimensions to make it editable.
    • M2 Win 3
  12. Change the value of the temporary dimension to 0.5m from the right edge of the window to the face of the wall on Grid E as shown above. Use the Witness line controls (blue dots on the temporary dimensions) to adjust the reference of the dimension, if needed.
    • TIP: Alternatively, you can also place a permanent dimension between the window and the wall. Select the window after placing the dimension and change the value of the dimension. (If the dimension is non-editable, click on Activate Dimensions to activate it).
  13. Now, let’s place another instance of the W1_1.0 x 1.0
  14. Repeat step 9 to place the window at Grid J as shown below. M2 Win 4
  15. Using the Align tool (Modify tab -> Modify panel -> Align), align the  edge of the left face of the window to the inner face of the wall as shown below.M2 Win 5
  16. Repeat Step 9 to add other windows as shown in Fig 1. Ensure that the head height for windows is 2.13m for window type W1, W2, W3, W4 and 1.60m for window type W5 and W6.
    • Use tools such as Align and Move to position the windows correctly. You may also use temporary, permanent dimensions and equality constraints to position the windows at a specific distance from other elements. Learn more about these tools in the chapter Modeling Doors
  17. Now, after modeling all windows, navigate to a 3D view to see all the windows in 3D.M2 Win 13
  18. After adding all the windows, let’s now add annotation of the window type numbers as window tags in the drawing as shown in Fig 1.
  19. To Add Window Tags on your drawing:

    • Window tag is a 2D annotation family that needs to be loaded into the project. Repeat step 4 to load the family “Window_Type Tag.rfa
    • Go to Annotate tab -> Tag panel -> Tag All
    • The ‘Tag All Not Tagged’ dialog box will appear where the loaded Window_Type Tag family is listed. Select this tag by turning on the checkbox besides its name. M2 Win 7
    • Say OK.
    • Tags for all windows will be added in the drawing.M2 Win 8
    • Each window type has been assigned a Type mark which is displayed here. However, the numbering done by Revit may not be as per your specifications. To change the Type mark value of the windows, select the tag and click on its text. Change the value as per your need.
    • When you change the value, Revit will display a warning that if you change a value in the type parameter, all instances of that type will reflect that change. Say Yes to apply this change. M2 Win 9
    • You will see that all the tags of the same window types now reflect the change.M2 Win 10
    • An alternative method to change the type mark of windows is to change the value in the Type properties of the windows.
      • Click Architecture tab -> Build panel  -> Window
      • From the Type selector, select the window type you want to apply the change. Go to Edit Type and open the Type properties palette.
      • Change the value in the Type Mark parameter.M2 Win 11
      • Click Apply.
      • Now select another Type of window in the TYPE field of the type properties palette and change its Type Mark value as required. Click Apply. Repeat this step till you have changed Type mark of all windows.
      • Click OK to the Type properties palette.
    • Click Esc to end the window tool.
    • Note that all window tags now reflect the changes you have made.M2 Win 12
  20. After completing all the steps above, Save As your project as “TutorialWindows_Output_LearningRevitOnline.rvt”.

More References:

 

Modeling Doors

About Doors

Doors can be added in plan, elevation, section or a 3D view. Doors are loadable families, which means that the family of the door (sizes, shapes, design) can be customized and placed in the library to later load them in your project.

Doors are dependent elements on their host which is usually a wall. Like in real life, a door cannot be placed if there is no wall on site. Similarly, in Revit, a door cannot be placed without a wall.

Tutorial Objective:

In this tutorial, you will learn,

Sample Problem:

  • Add doors of following types in the Ground Floor layout as shown below:
    • Door_Single Panel: 0.9 x 2.1 m (all doors except the entrance door)
    • Door_Entrance: 1.50 x 2.63 m (at the entrance of the residence)

M2 Doors Tutorial

Sample Files required for this tutorial:

If you do not have the following files, please download them from here.

  1. “TutorialDoors_Input_LearningRevitOnline.rvt”
  2. Door Family files: “Door_Single Panel.rfa” and “Door_Entrance.rfa”

Solution:

  1. Open tutorial file ‘TutorialDoors_Input_LearningRevitOnline.rvt’ in Revit. This project file already contains walls in the Basement and Ground Floor levels.
  2. Navigate to the floor plan of  “00 Ground Level”.
  3. Doors are loadable families which means we will first need to load the family of the doors from the library (if it is not already loaded in your project).
  4. To load a family into the project:

    • Click Insert tab -> Load from Library panel -> Load Family
    • Navigate to the folder where you have downloaded and saved the Door_Single Panel.rfa (If you do not have this file yet, please download it from here).
      • Note: By default, Revit will navigate to the library where default Autodesk families are stored. If you do not find this path when you need it, try to locate it on your PC at : %ALLUSERSPROFILE%\Autodesk\RVT 2019\Libraries (If you cannot still find the location of your family library, please see this Video Tutorial: Locating your family folder )M2 Doors 1.jpg
    • Select the file and Click Open.
    • The family has been loaded into the project.
  5. Now, before we add the doors into our model, we must create the Door types with the specific sizes as required for our project.
  6. To customize the door sizes and create new door types:

    • Click Architecture tab -> Build panel  -> Door
      • Alternatively, use “DR”as keyboard shortcut.
    • From the type selector, select any of the types available for Door_Single Panel family.
    • From the properties, select Edit Type to access Type properties palette.
    • Click Duplicate to create a new Door Type. In the Name dialog box, give a new name to the door type  “Door_Single Panel_0.9 x 2.1”M2 Doors 2
    • Click Ok to the Name dialog box.
    • Now, change the parameters Width to 0.9m value and Height to 2.1m value.
    • Click OK to the Type Properties dialog box.M2 Doors 3.jpg
    • A new Door type has been created.
    • Click Esc to end the Door tool.
  7. Repeat Step 4 to load the family Door_Entrance.rfa  (If you do not have this file yet, please download it from here).
  8. Repeat Step 6 to create a new door type for the Door_Entrance.rfa family. Name the new Door type as “Door_Entrance_1.50 x 2.63” and change the size parameters to width = 1.50m and height = 2.63mM2 Doors 4
  9.  Now, as all the door types are prepared, we can begin to place doors in the model.
    • TIP: If you are not sure of which type of door types to place in your design, you can always begin by placing doors of any particular type and then later change the door type to a specific one when you have the information. This can be done by simply selecting the door in the model and changing its type from the type selector.
  10. To place a door in the project:

    • Click Architecture tab -> Build panel  -> Door
      • Alternatively, use “DR”as keyboard shortcut.
    • Select the Door type Door_Entrance_1.50 x 2.63 from the type selector.
    • In the drawing area, move your cursor towards the wall where you would like to place the door (between Grid C4-C5 as shown below). Listening dimensions (in blue) will appear to support you to find the position on the wall.
      • TIP: Hover your cursor towards the direction where you would like to set the orientation of the door. The door will flip accordingly. You can also press the Spacebar to flip the door hand from left to right while placing the door in plan view.M2 Doors 5
    • Click on the wall to place the door. Do not worry about the exact positioning of the door or orientation at this moment. You can adjust this after you have placed the door.
    • Click Esc twice to end the Door tool.
    • Note that after placing the door, Revit has made an appropriate opening in the wall automatically.
  11.  Click on the door that you have placed. Flip arrows will appear in the middle of the door. Click on the flip arrows if you wish to change the orientation of the door.
    M2 Doors 6.JPG
  12. We would like to position the door exactly in the center of the two neighboring walls as shown in Fig 1. To do this, the best way is to use permanent dimension and equality constraint.
  13. To adjust the position of an element using permanent dimension and equality constraint:

    • Go to Annotate tab -> Dimension panel -> Aligned
    • On the options bar, select Wall Center line and Pick: Individual References
    • Click the center line of the wall on Grid 4.
    • Click on the center of the Door.
    • Click the center line of the wall on Grid 5.
    • Click on empty space to place the dimension.M2 Doors 7
    • Click Esc twice to end the Dimension tool.
    • Select the dimension that you have placed.
    • There is a small “EQ” sign besides the dimension. Click on this EQ sign.
    • The dimension values will change and display text EQ instead of the values. This shows that the dimensions from the wall center line to the center of the door on both sides have been constrained to be equal. The position of the door has adjusted accordingly. If the wall moves, the door will also move with it to maintain the equal distance to its center. M2 Doors 8.JPG
    • Click Esc to deselect the dimension.
    • If you delete the dimension, a warning sign will be displayed explaining that equality constraint between the elements will be maintained even when the dimension is deleted. Say OK if you wish to do so. If you do not want the equality constraint to be maintained, then select Unconstrain. M2 Doors 9.JPG
  14. Now, repeat step 10 to place the door type “Door_Single Panel_0.9 x 2.1” near Grid F-2 as shown below.M2 Doors10.jpg
  15. Use temporary dimensions to adjust the position of the door:

    • Select the door after placing it. Temporary dimensions will appear. Click on the temporary dimension’s value and change it to 0.7m  as shown below to place the door 0.7m away from the wall on Grid G.
      • Drag a control for the witness line (the blue dots shown in the image) to a different reference, if needed (for ex: from center of the wall to face of the wall)
      • Alternatively,  right-click the witness line control, and click Move Witness Line. You can then move the witness line to a new reference.
        M2 Doors11
  16. Now, repeat step 10 to place the door type “Door_Single Panel_0.9 x 2.1” as shown below.M2 Doors12
  17. Now, for this door, we would like to position the right door frame attached to the right wall. To do this, the best way would be to use Move tool.
  18. Use Move Tool to adjust the position of the door:

    • Go to Modify tab -> Modify panel -> Move
      • Alternatively, use “MV” as a keyboard shortcut.
    • Click on the edge of the right door frame as the base point.
    • Click on the edge of the wall where the door frame needs to be moved.

      After the door has been moved, click Esc to end the Move tool.

  19. Now, repeat step 10 to place the door type “Door_Single Panel_0.9 x 2.1” as shown below. M2 Doors15
  20. Adjust the position of the door on Grid K using the Move tool as shown in step 18 to align the door frame with the wall.
  21. Now, the door on Grid I is exactly at the same parallel position as Grid K. To align both of these doors, use Align tool.
  22. Use Align tool to adjust the position of the door:

    • Go to Modify tab -> Modify panel -> Align
      • Alternatively, use “AL” as a keyboard shortcut.
    • Click on the center line of the door on Grid K to set it as a reference.
    • Now, click on the center line of the door on Grid I to align with the reference.M2 Doors16
    • Both doors are now aligned with each other.
    • Click Esc to end the Align tool.
  23. Using the methods shown above in step 10, 15 and 18, place doors with door type “Door_Single Panel_0.9 x 2.1” as shown below:M2 Doors17
  24. Navigate to a 3D view to see all the doors in 3D.M2 Doors 18
  25. After completing all the steps above, Save As your project as “TutorialDoors_Output_LearningRevitOnline.rvt”.

More References:

  • After placing the door, if you would like to move it to another wall, use ‘pick new host’ tool to move the door.
  • If you would like to create your own custom family for the door, it is advised that you first familiarize yourself with basic family editing tools covered in later sections of this course. However, if you are already familiar with them, you can create a custom door as guided by this Video Tutorial: How to create a door family presented by Brett Grinkmeyer.