Basic Modify Tools

Here are a list of basic Modify Tools that are frequently used in Revit. Click on the tool to learn more about how to use them in Revit.

M2 Modify Tools

Modeling Doors

About Doors

Doors can be added in plan, elevation, section or a 3D view. Doors are loadable families, which means that the family of the door (sizes, shapes, design) can be customized and placed in the library to later load them in your project.

Doors are dependent elements on their host which is usually a wall. Like in real life, a door cannot be placed if there is no wall on site. Similarly, in Revit, a door cannot be placed without a wall.

Tutorial Objective:

In this tutorial, you will learn,

Sample Problem:

  • Add doors of following types in the Ground Floor layout as shown below:
    • Door_Single Panel: 0.9 x 2.1 m (all doors except the entrance door)
    • Door_Entrance: 1.50 x 2.63 m (at the entrance of the residence)

M2 Doors Tutorial

Sample Files required for this tutorial:

If you do not have the following files, please download them from here.

  1. “TutorialDoors_Input_LearningRevitOnline.rvt”
  2. Door Family files: “Door_Single Panel.rfa” and “Door_Entrance.rfa”

Solution:

  1. Open tutorial file ‘TutorialDoors_Input_LearningRevitOnline.rvt’ in Revit. This project file already contains walls in the Basement and Ground Floor levels.
  2. Navigate to the floor plan of  “00 Ground Level”.
  3. Doors are loadable families which means we will first need to load the family of the doors from the library (if it is not already loaded in your project).
  4. To load a family into the project:

    • Click Insert tab -> Load from Library panel -> Load Family
    • Navigate to the folder where you have downloaded and saved the Door_Single Panel.rfa (If you do not have this file yet, please download it from here).
      • Note: By default, Revit will navigate to the library where default Autodesk families are stored. If you do not find this path when you need it, try to locate it on your PC at : %ALLUSERSPROFILE%\Autodesk\RVT 2019\Libraries (If you cannot still find the location of your family library, please see this Video Tutorial: Locating your family folder )M2 Doors 1.jpg
    • Select the file and Click Open.
    • The family has been loaded into the project.
  5. Now, before we add the doors into our model, we must create the Door types with the specific sizes as required for our project.
  6. To customize the door sizes and create new door types:

    • Click Architecture tab -> Build panel  -> Door
      • Alternatively, use “DR”as keyboard shortcut.
    • From the type selector, select any of the types available for Door_Single Panel family.
    • From the properties, select Edit Type to access Type properties palette.
    • Click Duplicate to create a new Door Type. In the Name dialog box, give a new name to the door type  “Door_Single Panel_0.9 x 2.1”M2 Doors 2
    • Click Ok to the Name dialog box.
    • Now, change the parameters Width to 0.9m value and Height to 2.1m value.
    • Click OK to the Type Properties dialog box.M2 Doors 3.jpg
    • A new Door type has been created.
    • Click Esc to end the Door tool.
  7. Repeat Step 4 to load the family Door_Entrance.rfa  (If you do not have this file yet, please download it from here).
  8. Repeat Step 6 to create a new door type for the Door_Entrance.rfa family. Name the new Door type as “Door_Entrance_1.50 x 2.63” and change the size parameters to width = 1.50m and height = 2.63mM2 Doors 4
  9.  Now, as all the door types are prepared, we can begin to place doors in the model.
    • TIP: If you are not sure of which type of door types to place in your design, you can always begin by placing doors of any particular type and then later change the door type to a specific one when you have the information. This can be done by simply selecting the door in the model and changing its type from the type selector.
  10. To place a door in the project:

    • Click Architecture tab -> Build panel  -> Door
      • Alternatively, use “DR”as keyboard shortcut.
    • Select the Door type Door_Entrance_1.50 x 2.63 from the type selector.
    • In the drawing area, move your cursor towards the wall where you would like to place the door (between Grid C4-C5 as shown below). Listening dimensions (in blue) will appear to support you to find the position on the wall.
      • TIP: Hover your cursor towards the direction where you would like to set the orientation of the door. The door will flip accordingly. You can also press the Spacebar to flip the door hand from left to right while placing the door in plan view.M2 Doors 5
    • Click on the wall to place the door. Do not worry about the exact positioning of the door or orientation at this moment. You can adjust this after you have placed the door.
    • Click Esc twice to end the Door tool.
    • Note that after placing the door, Revit has made an appropriate opening in the wall automatically.
  11.  Click on the door that you have placed. Flip arrows will appear in the middle of the door. Click on the flip arrows if you wish to change the orientation of the door.
    M2 Doors 6.JPG
  12. We would like to position the door exactly in the center of the two neighboring walls as shown in Fig 1. To do this, the best way is to use permanent dimension and equality constraint.
  13. To adjust the position of an element using permanent dimension and equality constraint:

    • Go to Annotate tab -> Dimension panel -> Aligned
    • On the options bar, select Wall Center line and Pick: Individual References
    • Click the center line of the wall on Grid 4.
    • Click on the center of the Door.
    • Click the center line of the wall on Grid 5.
    • Click on empty space to place the dimension.M2 Doors 7
    • Click Esc twice to end the Dimension tool.
    • Select the dimension that you have placed.
    • There is a small “EQ” sign besides the dimension. Click on this EQ sign.
    • The dimension values will change and display text EQ instead of the values. This shows that the dimensions from the wall center line to the center of the door on both sides have been constrained to be equal. The position of the door has adjusted accordingly. If the wall moves, the door will also move with it to maintain the equal distance to its center. M2 Doors 8.JPG
    • Click Esc to deselect the dimension.
    • If you delete the dimension, a warning sign will be displayed explaining that equality constraint between the elements will be maintained even when the dimension is deleted. Say OK if you wish to do so. If you do not want the equality constraint to be maintained, then select Unconstrain. M2 Doors 9.JPG
  14. Now, repeat step 10 to place the door type “Door_Single Panel_0.9 x 2.1” near Grid F-2 as shown below.M2 Doors10.jpg
  15. Use temporary dimensions to adjust the position of the door:

    • Select the door after placing it. Temporary dimensions will appear. Click on the temporary dimension’s value and change it to 0.7m  as shown below to place the door 0.7m away from the wall on Grid G.
      • Drag a control for the witness line (the blue dots shown in the image) to a different reference, if needed (for ex: from center of the wall to face of the wall)
      • Alternatively,  right-click the witness line control, and click Move Witness Line. You can then move the witness line to a new reference.
        M2 Doors11
  16. Now, repeat step 10 to place the door type “Door_Single Panel_0.9 x 2.1” as shown below.M2 Doors12
  17. Now, for this door, we would like to position the right door frame attached to the right wall. To do this, the best way would be to use Move tool.
  18. Use Move Tool to adjust the position of the door:

    • Go to Modify tab -> Modify panel -> Move
      • Alternatively, use “MV” as a keyboard shortcut.
    • Click on the edge of the right door frame as the base point.
    • Click on the edge of the wall where the door frame needs to be moved.

      After the door has been moved, click Esc to end the Move tool.

  19. Now, repeat step 10 to place the door type “Door_Single Panel_0.9 x 2.1” as shown below. M2 Doors15
  20. Adjust the position of the door on Grid K using the Move tool as shown in step 18 to align the door frame with the wall.
  21. Now, the door on Grid I is exactly at the same parallel position as Grid K. To align both of these doors, use Align tool.
  22. Use Align tool to adjust the position of the door:

    • Go to Modify tab -> Modify panel -> Align
      • Alternatively, use “AL” as a keyboard shortcut.
    • Click on the center line of the door on Grid K to set it as a reference.
    • Now, click on the center line of the door on Grid I to align with the reference.M2 Doors16
    • Both doors are now aligned with each other.
    • Click Esc to end the Align tool.
  23. Using the methods shown above in step 10, 15 and 18, place doors with door type “Door_Single Panel_0.9 x 2.1” as shown below:M2 Doors17
  24. Navigate to a 3D view to see all the doors in 3D.M2 Doors 18
  25. After completing all the steps above, Save As your project as “TutorialDoors_Output_LearningRevitOnline.rvt”.

More References:

  • After placing the door, if you would like to move it to another wall, use ‘pick new host’ tool to move the door.
  • If you would like to create your own custom family for the door, it is advised that you first familiarize yourself with basic family editing tools covered in later sections of this course. However, if you are already familiar with them, you can create a custom door as guided by this Video Tutorial: How to create a door family presented by Brett Grinkmeyer.

Import/Link a CAD drawing

About Using CAD drawings in Revit

Some architects like to begin their design in CAD software tools. CAD drawings are then imported/linked in Revit to be used as references/underlay. REVIT model geometry is then built by tracing over elements in CAD file. Another popular reason to import CAD files into Revit is to use them for detailing purposes. If you already have some details drafted in CAD, you may import them in Drafting view and use them in Revit.

You can either import a CAD file or you can link it. If you expect the CAD file to change, it is best to link it. If the CAD file is revised, then you can simply reload the linked files in Revit and see those changes. However, if you do not expect the CAD file to change, it is best to Import it. Importing a CAD file will increase the size of the Revit project file, but in turn will use less memory.

Tutorial Objective:

In this tutorial, you will learn,

Sample Problem:

  • Link a CAD file containing the Ground floor layout of the sample project into Revit and place it on the “00 Ground Level” Floor Plan as shown below.

M2 Import Tutrial.jpg

Files required for this tutorial:

If you do not have the following files, please download them from here.

  1. “TutorialImportCAD_Input_LearningRevitOnline.rvt”
  2. “Ground Floor Layout_For Import.dwg”

Solution:

  1. Make sure that you have the CAD file “Ground Floor Layout_For Import.dwg”  and have prepared it as per the tips in step 2.
  2. Prepare CAD file before importing:

    • Open your CAD program and make sure you have done the following:

    • Have only those geometries/layers in the CAD file which are necessary for you to use in Revit (this will reduce the file size and the memory required in Revit). You may also choose to Freeze the layers which are not required.
    • Many CAD users like to put layouts, elevations, sections, etc all in one CAD file. Do not crowd multiple drawings in one CAD file while importing in Revit. For example, if you are importing a layout drawing of a particular floor, try to have only that layout in the CAD file. If necessary, copy the geometry you would like to import and paste it into a new CAD file, to avoid any unnecessary references.
    • Purge your file before importing.
    • Check if drawing units and file units are consistent.
    • If you need Xrefs, then bind them in your drawing. If you do not need them, unload/remove them.
    • Copy the original file before modifying for import. Just in case, if you need to get back to the original version.
    • Open the tutorial file ‘TutorialImportCAD_Input_LearningRevitOnline.rvt’ in Revit. This project file already contains model geometry for basement floor, grids, levels and section views.
    • Navigate to the floor plan of  “00 Ground Level”.
    • Go to Insert tab -> Link -> Link CAD (If you would like to import a CAD file not link it, you may chose to go to Insert tab->Import-> Import CAD)
    • A Link CAD Formats dialog box will appear. Use following Settings:M2 Import 1
      • Check the “Current View Only” checkbox if you want this CAD file to be visible only in the view it is being imported (Ground Level Floor Plan). If you do not check this box, the CAD file will appear in all views, including 3D views.
      • Colors: Preserve (if you want to preserve the colors of the layers in CAD file).
      • Layers: All (If you choose to import only visible layers in CAD or choose Specify option if you would like to import only selected layers. The selection option will appear during the import process).
      • Import Units: “Ground Floor Layout_For Import.dwg” used for this tutorial has been created in Imperial Units (Inches) while the model in Revit is being created in Metric Units. To import this file correctly, choose “Inch” in the Import units.
      • Positioning: Auto-Center to Center (this will place the center of the CAD file to the center of the Revit view). Choose other options if you would like to place the CAD file Origin-Origin / By Shared Coordinates.
      • Place at: 00 Ground Level is seelcted by default as we are trying to import the CAD file in the active view.
    • After selecting all the Settings as above, click Open. This will import the CAD file in the view.
  3. However, note that CAD file imported is not at the correct position.M2 Import 2
  4. To move the CAD file to the right position, use Move tool.
  5. To Move,

    • Select the object (in this case, the imported CAD file).
    • Go to Modify panel -> Modify -> select Move tool.
      • Alternatively, use “MV” as a keyboard shortcut.
    • Click to enter move start point. In this case, it would be the top left corner intersection of the center line in the CAD file. This will be the base point for moving the CAD file.
    • Click to enter move end point. In this case it would be the intersection of Grid 1-A. M2 Import 3
    • Click Esc to end the Move tool.
  6. Once the position of the CAD file is correct, it is best to PIN it. It will prevent you to move/ delete the file by mistake.
  7. To Pin the CAD file:

    • Select the CAD file.
    • Go to Modify panel -> Modify -> select Pin tool.
      • Alternatively, use “PN” as a keyboard shortcut.
    • The CAD file is now pinned.
    • Click Esc to end the Pin tool.M2 Import 4
      • NOTE: If you would like to Unpin the CAD file,
        • Select the CAD file.
        • Go to Modify panel -> Modify -> select UnPin tool.
          • Alternatively, use “UP” as a keyboard shortcut.
        • The CAD file will be unpinned.
  8. To give the visibility of an Underlay for the CAD file (in order to avoid confusion between Revit model geometry and visible geometry of CAD file), the imported geometry can be set to halftone or some of the layers can be turned on/off.
  9. To control the visibility of the CAD file:

    • Go to View tab -> Graphics panel -> Visibility Graphics -> Visibility Graphics Override dialog box will appear.
      • Alternatively, use “VG” as a keyboard shortcut.
    • Go to Imported Categories tab.
    • Check the checkbox for halftone.
      • TIP: To turn on/off particular layers, use checkbox besides the layer names.M2 Import 5
    • Click Ok.
    • Note that the CAD file in the drawing area is now grey/halftone. M2 Import 6
  10. As we have linked the CAD file, it will be possible to see the changes if the CAD file is updated by reloading it.
    • Go to Insert tab -> Link panel -> Manage Links -> Manage Links dialog box will appear.
    • Go to CAD formats tab.
    • The linked CAD file will be listed here. Select the row of the linked CAD file.
    • Click Reload to reload the file from the same path.
    • Use Reload From… option if the path of the file is changed.
      • If you would like to unload the file from your project, choose Unload. You can at a later stage, use Reload to reload it in your project.
      • If you would like to completely remove the file from your project, choose Remove. You cannot Reload the linked CAD file, if you have removed it. You will need to link the file again. M2 Import 7
  11. After completing all the steps above, Save your project file.

More References: